Lot Location: 6.1
All Common Names:
- Medium shrub (5-8 feet),
- Small shrub (3-5 feet)
- Full sun (6 hrs direct light daily)
- Zones 2-7
- Acid soil,
- Moist, well-drained soil,
- Sandy soil
- Dry sites,
- Occasional flooding,
- Alkaline soil,
- Clay soil,
- Road salt
Season of Interest:
- Early summer,
- Mid summer
Flower Color & Fragrance:
Shape or Form:
Size & Form
4 to 6 feet high and wide.
Upright, sturdy shrub with stout stems. The branches are often allowed to gracefully arch and develop a spreading form.
Suckers and forms colonies.
Tree & Plant Care
Rosa rugosa is adaptable to many different soil types; including temporary wet, but avoid extremely wet conditions.
Grown on its own roots, making it more hardy than other roses. Winter protection is usually not needed.
Occasional pruning is needed to remove dead canes.
Disease, pests, and problems
Thick leaves are less prone to fungal problems, rust and Japanese beetles.
Disease, pest, and problem resistance
Thorny stems deter rabbit and rodent damage.
Native geographic location and habitat
Japan, China, Korea
Attracts birds, pollinators, or wildlife
Many species of birds are attracted to the fruit which ripens in August and often persists through winter.
Bark color and texture
Stout, bristly stems are incredibly spiny, densely covered in 1/4 inch needle-like thorns.
Leaf or needle arrangement, size, shape, and texture
Alternate, pinnately-compound leaf is made up of 5 to 9 smaller oblong leaflets, slightly serrated, with heavily veined and wrinkled (hence the rugosa) texture.
The dark green leaves turn a beautiful orange-red fall color.
Flower arrangement, shape, and size
Clusters of mostly single, 2 to 3 inch wide, pink flowers with showy yellow stamens open in June and continue throughout the summer with sporadic blooms until frost. Flowers are sweetly fragrant.
Hybrid colors include red, pink, lavender, and white and can be single or double flowers.
Fruit, cone, nut, and seed descriptions
Attractive, large, one inch, cherry-like fruits ( rose hips) can be bright red to orange-red. Fruits ripen in August and often persist into winter.